Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme to promote Voluntary Action for Persons with Disabilities (Revised DDRS Scheme)
"66. Appropriate Governments and local authorities to undertake rehabilitation
- The appropriate Governments and the local authorities shall within the limits of their economic capacity and development undertake or cause to be undertaken rehabilitation of all persons with disabilities.
- For purposes of sub-section (1), the appropriate Government and local authorities shall grant financial assistance to non-governmental organizations.
- The appropriate Governments and local authorities while formulating rehabilitation policies shall consult the non-governmental organizations working for the cause of persons with disabilities."
1.7 The Central Government has been providing grant-in-aid to non-governmental organizations over successive Five Year Plans through various schemes for projects relating to rehabilitation of persons with disabilities.
1.8 In 1999, to enable more effective implementation of Section 66, PWD Act, the four schemes then existing for rehabilitation of persons with disabilities were amalgamated into a single scheme called the "Scheme To Promote Voluntary Action for Persons with Disabilities" as an umbrella Central Sector Scheme. The amalgamated scheme was revised with effect from 1.04.2003 with the approval of the then Minister-in-charge, and renamed as the "Deendayal Disabled Rehabilitation Scheme (DDRS)". However, cost norms were not revised in 2003.
1.9 NGOs are being given assistance under DDRS for providing a wide range of services to children/persons with disability, e.g.,
- programmes for pre-school and early intervention
- special education,
- vocational training and placement
- community based rehabilitation
- manpower development
- psycho-social rehabilitation of persons with mental illness
- rehabilitation of leprosy-cured persons, etc.
1.10 Assistive aids and appliances to PwDs are provided under another Central Sector Scheme of the Ministry called "Scheme of Assistance to Disabled Persons for Purchase/Fitting of Aids/Appliances (ADIP)".
1.11 The DDRS guidelines include model projects covering various services provided by voluntary agencies which can be supported through grant-in-aid. Model projects give the following details:
- objective, needs to be addressed, target group in terms of type of disability and age and minimum permissible number of beneficiaries
- teacher-beneficiary ratio (for pre-schools and special schools)
- number of trades and an illustrative list of trades (for vocational training)
- maximum amount of recurring and non-recurring assistance admissible for a specified number of beneficiaries in the form of cost norms
1.12 Grant-in-aid upto 90% of the project cost, found admissible on the basis of the prescribed cost norms in the relevant model project, can be provided to support a project under the Scheme. Tapering of grant every alternate year by 5% of the total admissible project cost has been introduced w.e.f. 2007-08 in the case of urban projects already funded for 7 years, to encourage gradual self-reliance of NGOs. The tapering is to continue till support comes down to 75% of the project cost admissible.
1.13 If grant is provided for all admissible non-recurring items in a model project in a year, on an average, about 80% of grant would be for recurring and 20% for non-recurring proposals.