Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities - Organisation under Division
(A) Statutory Bodies
- Office of the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, New Delhi
- National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, New Delhi
- Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI), New Delhi
(B) National Institutes
- Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped (AYJNIHH)
- Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped (IPH), New Delhi
- National Institute of Mentally Handicapped (NIMH), Secundrabad
- National Institute of Visually Handicapped (NIVH), Dehradun
- National Institute for Orthopaedically Handicapped, Kolkata
- National Institute for Rehabilitation Training and Research (NIRTAR), Cuttack
- National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities (NIEPMD), Chennai
- Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLRTC)
(C) Public Sector Undertakings
- Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO)
- National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC), Faridabad
(E) Public Private Partnership
Office of the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities, New Delhi
The Office of the Chief Commissioner for Persons with Disabilities has been set up under Section 57 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights & Full Participation) Act, 1995 and has been mandated to take steps to safeguard the rights and facilities to the persons with disabilities.
Based on the complaints filed before the Presiding Officer, if the provisions of the Persons with Disabilities Act, any rules, bye-laws, regulations, executive orders or instructions are violated or are not implemented, the Chief Commissioner takes up the matters with the concerned authorities. The Act also empowers the Chief Commissioner to issue suo - moto notice of any such non-compliance.
National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities, New Delhi
The main objectives of the National Trust are to enable and empower persons with disabilities to live as independently and as fully as possible, to extend support to registered organisations providing need based services, and to evolve procedure for appointment of legal guardians for persons with disabilities requiring such protection. The Government of India has provided Rs.100 crores toward the corpus of the Trust. The income generated from the corpus is utilized to implement its programmes.
The State Nodal Agency Centres (SNACs) provide coordination assistance at the State level to enable the National Trust to implement its programmes, disseminate information and train parents and professionals. The SNACs function as Information Centres, facilitators, project mentors, training centers, LLC activators and networkers.
Rehabilitation Council of India (RCI), New Delhi
The Rehabilitation Council India was constituted for regulating and monitoring the training of Rehabilitation professionals and personnel, promoting research in rehabilitation and special education, the maintenance of a Central Rehabilitation Register and related matters.
Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped (AYJNIHH)
The Ali Yavar Jung National Institute for the Hearing Handicapped was established on 9th August, 1983 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The Institute has been established for manpower development, research, clinical and therapeutic services, outreach and extension services for the persons with hearing disabilities.
The Institute is responsible for development of manpower by undertaking or sponsoring the training of trainees and teachers, employment officers, psychologists, vocational counselors and such other personnel as may be deemed necessary by the Institute for promoting the education, training or rehabilitation of the hearing handicapped. The Institute sponsors, coordinates and subsidizes research into all aspects of the education and rehabilitation of the hearing handicapped. It is also developing model services for rehabilitation of the hearing handicapped.
Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped (IPH), New Delhi
The Pandit Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Institute for the Physically Handicapped (IPH), New Delhi was set up on 12th November, 1976 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The major objective of the Institute is to develop trained manpower for rehabilitation of persons with orthopaedically disabled persons, provide outreach services and research.
The Institute offers education, training, work-adjustment and such other rehabilitative services as the society may deem fit to orthopaedically handicapped persons with associated mental retardation or such other associated handicaps as are not considered incompatible with the development of a harmonious educational, training or workshop programme. IPH also undertakes the training of physiotherapists and occupational therapists. Besides it has a facility for manufacture and distribution of such aids and appliances as are needed for the education, training and rehabilitation of the handicapped.
National Institute of Mentally Handicapped (NIMH), Secundrabad
The Institute was registered in the year 1984 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as an autonomous body under the administrative control of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment. The Institute has been established with the objective to prepare human resources equipped to deliver services through quality models of rehabilitation, based on life cycle needs.
The National Institute for the Mentally Handicapped (NIMH) is committed to develop models of care for the mentally handicapped persons, conduct research in the area of mental handicap, and promote human resource development to work with mentally handicapped persons in the country.
National Institute of Visually Handicapped (NIVH), Dehradun
The National Centre for the Blind was upgraded as National Institute for Visually Handicapped in July, 1979. It was registered as an autonomous Institution under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 in October, 1982. The objective of the Institute is to conduct, sponsor and coordinate all aspects of education for rehabilitation of persons with visual disabilities and coordinate research in these areas. The Institutes also assisted in running a Composite Regional Centre (CRC) for persons with disabilities at Sundernagar in Himachal Pradesh.
This apex level Institute is engaged in education, vocational training, training of teachers and other personnel, research and development of service modules, production of Braille books, aids and appliances for the visually handicapped.
National Institute for Orthopaedically Handicapped, Kolkata
National Institute for the Orthopaedically Handicapped was established in Kolkata in the year 1978. It was registered in April, 1982, under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The mission of the Institute is to develop human resources for providing rehabilitation services to persons with locomotor disabilities, providing of services in rehabilitation, restorative surgery, aids/appliances etc.
The Institute is responsible for development of manpower for providing services, namely, training of physiotherapists, occupational therapists, orthotics and prosthetic technicians, employment and placement officers etc. NIOH also develops model services in the areas of restorative surgery, aids and appliances, vocational training etc. for the orthopaedically handicapped population. It conducts and sponsors research in all aspects, relating to the total rehabilitation of the orthopaedically handicapped people and is involved with standardizing aids and appliances for the orthopaedically handicapped and promoting their manufacture and distribution.
National Institute for Rehabilitation Training and Research (NIRTAR), Cuttack
NIRTAR, originally, started as an adjunct Unit of ALIMCO, Kanpur, NIRTAR was registered in 1984 under the Societies Registration Act, 1860 as a National Institute. The aims and objectives of the Institute are human resources development, implementation of service delivery programmes, research and outreach programmes.
It undertakes, sponsors or coordinates training for rehabilitation personnel and conducts research on bio-medical engineering and surgical or medical subjects for orthopaedically handicapped. The Institute produces and distributes aids and appliances. It develops models of service delivery programmes for rehabilitation. NIRTAR also undertakes vocational training, placement and rehabilitation of the physically handicapped.
National Institute for Empowerment of Persons with Multiple Disabilities (NIEPMD), Chennai
The Government has set up this new Institute at the total project cost of Rs.61.90 crores comprising of land cost of Rs.39.20 crores (notional), non-recurring cost of Rs.18.10 crores and a recurring cost of Rs. 4.60 crores. Government of Tamil Nadu has provided the land for this Institute. Government of India is providing the financial support for construction of the building of the Institute and other activities. The Institute has started clinical services and short-term training programmes for caregivers from July 2005.
Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLRTC)
As per the 2001 Census, there were about 13 lakh deaf & hearing impaired persons in the country. They use Sign Language for communication amongst themselves. Recognizing that existing facilities for systematic study of, and research and training in Indian Sign Language are limited, the Eleventh Five Year Plan had envisaged establishment of an Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre for development and promotion of the Indian Sign Language, and training of teachers and interpreters.
Accordingly, the Government of India, Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has now approved the establishment of an Indian Sign Language Research & Training Centre (ISLRTC), initially on project basis for a period of five years, as an autonomous Centre of the Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU), New Delhi. IGNOU will be making five acres of land available for the Centre in its campus at Maidan Garhi, New Delhi. The Centre will lead the way in the study, academic development, and propagation of Indian Sign Language and in its teaching and training, so that this language gains its rightful linguistic, cultural, educational and social place.
The Government has also accorded approval for creation of 35 posts for the Centre for Departments like Sign Linguistics, Interpreting, Library, Documentation and Administration. The Centre will be established at an estimated cost of Rs. 44.00 crore, over five years.
IGNOU has been a pioneer in open and distance education in the country and provides cost effective quality education. The University also has a National Centre for Disability Studies and is conducting sign language programmes in collaboration with the University of Central Lancashire, UK, under the UK-India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI). Thus, IGNOU is well-suited to incubate the ISLRTC. Its vast distance education network, including 61 Regional Centres and more than 3000 study Centres will be available to the ISLRTC to expand its outreach.
Representatives of National level organizations of the Deaf, will be duly represented, among others on the Committees which will be responsible for planning and managing the ISLRTC.
Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO)
The Artificial Limbs Manufacturing Corporation of India (ALIMCO), Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh manufactures artificial limbs, accessories and constituents thereof and also promotes their availability, supply and distribution at reasonable cost to the disabled persons, hospitals and other rehabilitation institutions. ALIMCO is a premier organisation and is the largest manufacturer of Artificial Limbs, Components and Rehabilitation Aids for the disabled in India.
The product range of ALIMCO includes orthoses, prosthesis for upper and lower extremities, spinal braces, traction kits, wheel chairs, crutches, three wheelers and special tools and equipment required for fitment of prosthetic and orthotic assemblies by limb fitting centres. The products of ALIMCO are distributed throughout the country through its Auxilary Production Centres at Bhubaneshwar, Jabalpur and Bangalore, dealer network, the National Institutes, NGOs, etc.
ALIMCO has also been entrusted with the task of performing the role of nodal agency for handling gifts cargo received under bilateral agreements entered into by the Government of India with the Governments of USA, UK, Sweden, Switzerland and Germany.
National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC), Faridabad
National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC) has the following main objectives:
- To promote economic development activities and self-employment ventures for the benefit of persons with disabilities;
- to extend loan to persons with disabilities for up gradation of their entrepreneurial skill for proper and efficient management of self-employment ventures;
- to extend loans to persons with disabilities for pursuing professional/technical education leading to vocational rehabilitation/self-employment; and
to assist self-employed individual with disabilities in marketing their finished goods.
The NHFDC operates through State Channelising Agencies nominated by the respective State Governments and Union Territory Administrations.
Composite Regional Centres for Persons with Disabilities (CRCs)
Due to lack of adequate facilities for rehabilitation of Persons with Disabilities, the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment has set up seven Composite Regional seven Composite Regional Centre for Persons with Disabilities at Srinagar (J&K), Sundernagar (Himachal Pradesh), Lucknow (U.P.), Bhopal (M.P.), Guwahati (Assam), Patna (Bihar) and Ahmedabad (Gujarat) to provide both preventive and promotional aspects of rehabilitation like education, health, employment and vocational training, research and manpower development, rehabilitation for persons with disabilities etc.
Now to further extend rehabilitation services and human resource development for the Persons with Disabilities in more States, this Ministry has sanctioned one more CRC at Kozhikode, Kerala vide order dated 17.02.2012.
Indian Spinal Injury Centre
The Centre provides comprehensive rehabilitation management services to patients with spinal cord injuries and related ailments. These include intervention in the form of reconstructive surgery, stabilization operations, physical rehabilitation, psycho-social rehabilitation and vocational rehabilitation services. There has been an increase in the number of free OPD and paid OPD patients, besides patients from India, the centre also attracts patients from foreign countries. 30 beds are earmarked for treatment of patients from poor and indigent categories, and out of this the Ministry supports 25 beds while for 5 beds the expenses are borne by ISIC itself. The Institute is able to perform very complicated surgeries with good results. The Centre has 132 beds functional and plans to increase the bed strength to 146. In its endeavour to promote research facilities at the Centre, ISIC has entered into collaboration on research with the National Institute on Disability Rehabilitation and Research (NIDRR), Ministry of Education, USA. This centre has a building, which is barrier free for persons with disabilities